An attachment is a file which is joined to and sent as part
of a standard text email message.
A browser enables you to view webpages and websites. Netscape
Navigator and Internet Explorer are the main providers.
A bug is an error or series of errors in a piece of software,
which may cause it to perform in an undesirable way.
A Cookie is a mechanism which some sites use to record information
about a person's trip to a site. The browser will remember
the information and will send it, on request, to a server.
Information may include the type of browser they are using
and the way in which they move around the site. This is not
necessarily an intrusion on your privacy; it can be used to
give information following databases you have previously shown
an interest in.
cannot get data from your computer other than what is in the
Cookie file and they can't get your email address or any information
that you didn't give the requesting page in the first place.
They cannot damage user files, nor can they read information
from a user's hard drive.
A cursor is a blinking line or shape on the screen that tells
you where the next character will go when you type on the
The Internet is divided into smaller sets known as domains,
including .com (business), .ac.uk (education), .org (charities
and non-profit making companies), .gov (government) and others.
To download is to move files e.g. pictures from a site on
the Internet to your personal homepage or computer.
Email is a way of sending messages from one computer to another.
It stands for 'electronic mail'. You send a message to someone,
with attachments such as photos or files if you wish, using
something called a modem or a network. The message waits in
another computer until the person goes online to get it. Some
telephones and televisions also allow you to send emails.
Hardware is all the physical stuff to do with computers like
keyboards, monitors, printers, modems, scanners, CD-Rom drives
The home page is the starting point of a website on the World
Wide Web for a particular group or organization.
HTML stand for HyperText Mark-up Language. It is the standard
language for writing a website or making up documents for
the World Wide Web.
A hyperlink is recognised by being underlined and highlighted
(very often blue). Clicking on the words link you to other
documents with related subject matter. A link can take you
to another part of the same webpage, another webpage in the
same website, or a page from an entirely different website
somewhere else on the Internet. Links can be from text and
from images. The mouse pointer changes to a hand shape when
passing over a hyperlink to show that it may be clicked if
An icon is a tiny picture on the screen that represents a
program, file or folder. To tell the computer to open a program,
file or folder, double-click using your mouse on the icon.
The Internet is millions of computers around the world connected
to each other. When you're on the Internet, your computer
is connected to others by networks of telephone wire, cable
A monitor is another word for describing the screen of the
A mouse is a small device attached to your computer by a cord,
which lets you give commands to the computer.
A Navigation Bar is a set of hypertext links to the main sections
of a website. It appears on each webpage within a websites.
Not all website will have a navigation bar, but many will,
A password is a code used to gain access to a locked system.
Good passwords contain letters (both upper case and lower
case) and non-letters and are not simple combinations such
as trees6. A good password might be Jam£2-5%.
A search engine is a programme that can perform searches for
information on the Internet based on the words or phrases
you supply. There are some search engines that only recommend
sites that are safe for younger people to use, e.g. yahooligans.com
Software is anything that can be stored electronically. It
is computer instructions or data.
The toolbar is the selection of buttons which are displayed
vertically or horizontally offering functions such as save,
copy, print etc. This toolbar will be found on your browser
navigation not the website navigation.
A virus is a computer program that was written to purposely
damage computer systems. Your computer can get a virus from
another computer through modems, networks or disks. You can
protect your computer from viruses by using virus protection
software, and by only downloading programs from sources you
A website is a collection of webpages arranged together to
provide information, entertainment or advice. It can consist
of text, graphics, sound, for example. You are looking at
a webpage that is part of an overall website now.
Wide Web (www)
The World Wide Web is the part of the Internet that consists
of pages (documents) linked to each other around the world
via the Internet. These pages have pictures, sounds and lots,
lots more. A website will have many pages.